Probiotics are best used when chronic health symptoms don’t resolve from lifestyle changes alone.
A vast array of health conditions, including immune disorders, hormonal imbalances, blood sugar issues, and mental health concerns, all show benefit from probiotic use.
Before introducing probiotics into your health regimen, focus on improving your diet, sleep, exercise, and stress levels.
A healthy and smoothly functioning gut is essential to our overall well-being. In fact, many vague health symptoms, like fatigue, anxiety, joint pain, and brain fog are thought to be linked to poor digestive health. And one of the best things you can do to improve your gut health is take probiotics.
Probiotics stand out in their ability to benefit many health conditions, and can be helpful for supporting immune health, balancing hormones, and regulating our digestive tracts. But what are the signs you need probiotics?
The most important indication that you may need probiotic supplements is persistent health symptoms that haven’t resolved after making lifestyle changes alone. When addressing stubborn health concerns, it’s important to build a strong foundation first. This includes maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise routine, getting restful sleep, and prioritizing stress reduction.
If you’re still experiencing persistent symptoms after these necessary building blocks are put into place, it’s likely that you have a gut-health imbalance, and probiotics can help lead the way to recovery.
This article will help you recognize some of the signs that you may benefit from probiotic supplements, and will walk you through how to implement these important microbes into your daily regimen in order to improve your symptoms.
What Are the Signs You Need Probiotics?
Research supports that probiotics have many health benefits and are likely effective at relieving many chronic health conditions. The following are some signs that you may benefit from these beneficial bacteria.
1. You’re experiencing non-specific health symptoms, such as:
Brain fog, decline in memory, or cognitive dysfunction
Abdominal pain, stool changes, or excess gas and bloating
Chronic fatigue and sleep disturbances
Mood disturbances, depression, or anxiety
2. A clear medical cause of your symptoms has not been identified. Often probiotic supplements can help with functional gut disorders and other vague health symptoms that typically evade conventional diagnosis.
3. You have adopted a healthier lifestyle by improving your diet, sleep hygiene, and exercise regimen. However, you’re still not experiencing relief from your health symptoms.
Where Do Probiotics Enter the Picture?
Probiotics can play an invaluable role in your recovery from chronic illness — especially when they’re introduced at the right point during your healing journey. However, if the proper foundations for health aren’t in place, probiotics may not give you the complete relief you’re looking for.
That’s not to say that probiotics will be completely ineffective when used on their own, as research supports that they’re highly beneficial in reducing a myriad of health symptoms. And, there’s technically no “wrong” time to begin taking probiotics, especially if you suspect that an unhealthy gut may be at the root of your symptoms.
Rather, it’s important that you address the underlying problems that originally led to your symptoms. It’s necessary to take the appropriate steps toward restoring the health of your whole body, including your gut, in order to maximize the benefits of probiotics.
What Are the Benefits of Probiotics?
The relationship between our digestive health and overall well-being is incredibly important, and a balanced gut microbiome is one of the key factors in having good gut health. In fact, research shows that imbalances in our gut flora may contribute to many health symptoms, including:
Probiotics can influence the production of neurotransmitters in our guts, like serotonin, which can improve our mood (and regulate our bowel movements). This may be, in part, why research shows probiotics to be effective in lessening mood disturbances, such as anxiety and depression [57 Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source, 58 Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source, 59].
To get back to our original question — what are the signs you need probiotics? — the answer is simple. There are many non-specific health symptoms and chronic conditions that show benefit from probiotic use. However, as previously mentioned, one of the best signs that you need these healthy bacteria are chronic symptoms that do not disappear with lifestyle changes alone.
Additionally, probiotics likely work best when used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan, after implementing healthy lifestyle habits. The following will address a few ways in which you can begin to make these changes and start to experience relief from your chronic health concerns.
Your Holistic Treatment Plan for Better Health
It likely doesn’t matter how many supplements or specialized diets you try if your lifestyle isn’t congruent with improving your overall wellness. Our step-by-step plan, outlined in my book, Healthy Gut, Healthy You, will help guide you on your journey to better health.
This plan highlights the fundamental components that are necessary for healthy living. It can also help guide you on when it may be best to introduce probiotics and where to turn when nothing seems to be alleviating your symptoms.
Phase 1: Evaluate Your Lifestyle
In order to address any long-standing health conditions, it’s time to take a deeper look at your daily habits that may not be aiding your recovery. Let’s dive into some essential lifestyle changes that can help improve your digestive health and overall quality of life.
Catch Up On Your Sleep
High-quality sleep is vital for recovering from illness or persistent health symptoms. Experts recommend that you get at least eight to nine hours of uninterrupted sleep every night, though the exact number may vary slightly for everyone.
To improve your sleep, eliminate the use of blue light prior to bedtime, as it suppresses the production of melatonin — the hormone that helps us fall asleep. If you can’t step away from your TV, phone, or tablet, try using a blue-light filter that helps block the stimulating effects of blue light.
Sleeping with a white-noise machine or fan can help prevent sleep interruptions by masking any background noise. Lastly, set your thermostat between 60 and 67 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent you from overheating and disrupting your deep sleep.
Eat a Nutritious Diet
Improving your diet is one of the best changes that you can make to improve your overall health. Eliminating foods that may be causing inflammation, regulating blood sugar levels, and finding the right balance of carbohydrates and prebiotics can help lessen a wide variety of chronic health symptoms.
We recommend starting with the Paleo diet, which is a less-restrictive diet than many. It emphasizes eating healthy fats, like avocados, salmon, olive oil, and nuts, while eliminating sugars, certain carbohydrates, and processed foods. After starting this diet, many people see improvement in their symptoms in just a few weeks. However, if you continue to experience symptoms, it may be time to move on to a more specialized diet, such as the low FODMAP diet.
The low FODMAP diet can help eliminate an underlying imbalance or overgrowth in gut bacteria that may be contributing to your symptoms. Many healthy foods can actually worsen gut and other related symptoms, as they can feed a bacterial overgrowth.
Whichever diet you decide to try, it’s important that you stick with it for two to three weeks before deciding if it’s working for you. If you experience relief after removing certain foods from your diet, you can try re-introducing them into your diet to identify your own personal food triggers and intolerances.
When introducing foods back into your diet, be sure to only add in one food at a time. This will allow you to observe your body for any symptoms that may arise over the next one to two days. If you experience no symptoms, it’s likely not a trigger for you. However, if you do begin to experience any gut or other symptoms, you may want to consider completely eliminating it from your diet.
Work on Reducing Stress
With our hectic, modern lifestyles, stress seems to be a constant companion in our daily lives. But research shows that stress is linked to many chronic health conditions and symptoms, and a complete recovery often means getting your stress levels under control.
Chronic stress activates stress hormones, like cortisol, that can disrupt your mood, sleep, gut, and immune system. Meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises have all been shown to effectively lower chronic stress.
If you have a difficult time quieting your mind, try using a phone app like Headspace, Insight Timer, or Calm to get you started and track your progress. If you find it too hard to reduce your stress levels on your own, it may be time to seek out a therapist and try mindfulness-based techniques like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Get Some Exercise
Get moving and reap the benefits of regular exercise. Experts recommend getting two to three hours of moderate physical activity per week, so try starting with activities like fast walking, stationary biking, and swimming.
Regardless of what activity you choose, it’s important that it’s something you can stick with, so you experience the maximum health benefits of regular exercise.
Phase 2: Introduce Probiotics
If you’ve followed the above steps to change your lifestyle, and are still experiencing stubborn health symptoms, it may be time to start probiotics.
As previously discussed, probiotics are well-known for their widespread healing effects. We recommend using Triple Probiotic Therapy, which involves taking the three primary categories of probiotics at once, in order to restore a healthy balance to the gut microbiota. Use each of the following for best results;
A blend of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus probiotic strains
The final phase of alleviating your chronic health symptoms entails a more focused approach. It may be helpful to find a healthcare practitioner, like a functional medicine specialist, to assist you during this process.
Depending on your specific symptoms and underlying conditions, you may see benefit from the following.
The elemental diet is a highly specialized diet that can be used alone or alongside other plans, like Paleo or low FODMAP diets. Elemental shakes can reset your microbiome, reduce intestinal inflammation, and help eliminate stubborn health symptoms in just a few weeks.
What Are the Signs You Need Probiotics? The Final Say
Probiotics have a broad spectrum of benefits and can alleviate many health conditions, such as digestive disorders, mental health concerns, and skin issues. Their success is likely due to their ability to balance gut flora, calm inflammation, and reduce the levels of bad bacteria in the GI tract.
However, there’s typically no “quick fix” for resolving chronic health concerns. While probiotics may play a vital role in your recovery, it’s often necessary to take a more holistic treatment approach.
Healthy lifestyle habits, like getting good quality sleep, exercising, practicing stress reduction, and eating a proper diet are crucial for treating persistent health disorders. Once a healthy foundation is established, more targeted therapies, such as probiotics, can help to eliminate any residual health symptoms.
The Ruscio Institute has developed a range of high-quality formulations to help our patients and audience. If you’re interested in learning more about these products, please click here. Note that there are many other options available, and we encourage you to research which products may be right for you.
Ford AC, Quigley EMM, Lacy BE, Lembo AJ, Saito YA, Schiller LR, et al. Efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in irritable bowel syndrome and chronic idiopathic constipation: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014 Oct;109(10):1547–61; quiz 1546, 1562. DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2014.202. PMID: 25070051. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Ibarra A, Latreille-Barbier M, Donazzolo Y, Pelletier X, Ouwehand AC. Effects of 28-day Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 supplementation on colonic transit time and gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with functional constipation: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, and dose-ranging trial. Gut Microbes. 2018 Feb 8;9(3):236–51. DOI: 10.1080/19490976.2017.1412908. PMID: 29227175. PMCID: PMC6219592. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Rogha M, Esfahani MZ, Zargarzadeh AH. The efficacy of a synbiotic containing Bacillus Coagulans in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench. 2014;7(3):156–63. PMID: 25120896. PMCID: PMC4129566. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Majeed M, Nagabhushanam K, Natarajan S, Sivakumar A, Ali F, Pande A, et al. Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856 supplementation in the management of diarrhea predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome: a double blind randomized placebo controlled pilot clinical study. Nutr J. 2016 Feb 27;15:21. DOI: 10.1186/s12937-016-0140-6. PMID: 26922379. PMCID: PMC4769834. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Khalighi AR, Khalighi MR, Behdani R, Jamali J, Khosravi A, Kouhestani S, et al. Evaluating the efficacy of probiotic on treatment in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)–a pilot study. Indian J Med Res. 2014 Nov;140(5):604–8. PMID: 25579140. PMCID: PMC4311312. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
McFarland LV, Dublin S. Meta-analysis of probiotics for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. World J Gastroenterol. 2008 May 7;14(17):2650–61. DOI: 10.3748/wjg.14.2650. PMID: 18461650. PMCID: PMC2709042. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Martoni CJ, Srivastava S, Leyer GJ. Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1 and Bifidobacterium lactis UABla-12 Improve Abdominal Pain Severity and Symptomology in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2020 Jan 30;12(2). DOI: 10.3390/nu12020363. PMID: 32019158. PMCID: PMC7071206. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Whelan K. Probiotics and prebiotics in the management of irritable bowel syndrome: a review of recent clinical trials and systematic reviews. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2011 Nov;14(6):581–7. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e32834b8082. PMID: 21892075. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Frändemark Å, Jakobsson Ung E, Törnblom H, Simrén M, Jakobsson S. Fatigue: a distressing symptom for patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2017 Jan;29(1). DOI: 10.1111/nmo.12898. PMID: 27401139. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Simpson CA, Mu A, Haslam N, Schwartz OS, Simmons JG. Feeling down? A systematic review of the gut microbiota in anxiety/depression and irritable bowel syndrome. J Affect Disord. 2020 Apr 1;266:429–46. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.124. PMID: 32056910. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Khanijow V, Prakash P, Emsellem HA, Borum ML, Doman DB. Sleep dysfunction and gastrointestinal diseases. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2015 Dec;11(12):817–25. PMID: 27134599. PMCID: PMC4849511. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Lee SY, Lee E, Park YM, Hong SJ. Microbiome in the Gut-Skin Axis in Atopic Dermatitis. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2018 Jul;10(4):354–62. DOI: 10.4168/aair.2018.10.4.354. PMID: 29949831. PMCID: PMC6021588. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Bhatia BK, Millsop JW, Debbaneh M, Koo J, Linos E, Liao W. Diet and psoriasis, part II: celiac disease and role of a gluten-free diet. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Aug;71(2):350–8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.03.017. PMID: 24780176. PMCID: PMC4104239. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Fu Y, Lee C-H, Chi C-C. Association of Psoriasis With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Dermatol. 2018 Dec 1;154(12):1417–23. DOI: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.3631. PMID: 30422277. PMCID: PMC6583370. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Baker JM, Al-Nakkash L, Herbst-Kralovetz MM. Estrogen-gut microbiome axis: Physiological and clinical implications. Maturitas. 2017 Sep;103:45–53. DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.06.025. PMID: 28778332. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Tremellen K, McPhee N, Pearce K, Benson S, Schedlowski M, Engler H. Endotoxin-initiated inflammation reduces testosterone production in men of reproductive age. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Mar 1;314(3):E206–13. DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00279.2017. PMID: 29183872. PMCID: PMC5899218. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Küçükemre Aydın B, Yıldız M, Akgün A, Topal N, Adal E, Önal H. Children with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Have Increased Intestinal Permeability: Results of a Pilot Study. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2020 Sep 2;12(3):303–7. DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2020.2019.0186. PMID: 31990165. PMCID: PMC7499128. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Cellini M, Santaguida MG, Virili C, Capriello S, Brusca N, Gargano L, et al. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and autoimmune gastritis. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2017 Apr 26;8:92. DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2017.00092. PMID: 28491051. PMCID: PMC5405068. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Centanni M, Gargano L, Canettieri G, Viceconti N, Franchi A, Delle Fave G, et al. Thyroxine in goiter, Helicobacter pylori infection, and chronic gastritis. N Engl J Med. 2006 Apr 27;354(17):1787–95. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa043903. PMID: 16641395. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Bugdaci MS, Zuhur SS, Sokmen M, Toksoy B, Bayraktar B, Altuntas Y. The role of Helicobacter pylori in patients with hypothyroidism in whom could not be achieved normal thyrotropin levels despite treatment with high doses of thyroxine. Helicobacter. 2011 Apr;16(2):124–30. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2011.00830.x. PMID: 21435090. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Konrad P, Chojnacki J, Kaczka A, Pawłowicz M, Rudnicki C, Chojnacki C. [Thyroid dysfunction in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2018 Jan 23;44(259):15–8. PMID: 29374417. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Brechmann T, Sperlbaum A, Schmiegel W. Levothyroxine therapy and impaired clearance are the strongest contributors to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: Results of a retrospective cohort study. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb 7;23(5):842–52. DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i5.842. PMID: 28223728. PMCID: PMC5296200. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Horta-Baas G, Romero-Figueroa MDS, Montiel-Jarquín AJ, Pizano-Zárate ML, García-Mena J, Ramírez-Durán N. Intestinal Dysbiosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Link between Gut Microbiota and the Pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis. J Immunol Res. 2017 Aug 30;2017:4835189. DOI: 10.1155/2017/4835189. PMID: 28948174. PMCID: PMC5602494. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wu X, He B, Liu J, Feng H, Ma Y, Li D, et al. Molecular Insight into Gut Microbiota and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Mar 22;17(3):431. DOI: 10.3390/ijms17030431. PMID: 27011180. PMCID: PMC4813281. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Maeda Y, Kumanogoh A, Takeda K. Altered composition of gut microbiota in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Nihon Rinsho Meneki Gakkai Kaishi. 2016;39(1):59–63. DOI: 10.2177/jsci.39.59. PMID: 27181236. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Maeda Y, Kurakawa T, Umemoto E, Motooka D, Ito Y, Gotoh K, et al. Dysbiosis contributes to arthritis development via activation of autoreactive T cells in the intestine. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Nov;68(11):2646–61. DOI: 10.1002/art.39783. PMID: 27333153. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Toribio-Mateas M. Harnessing the power of microbiome assessment tools as part of neuroprotective nutrition and lifestyle medicine interventions. Microorganisms. 2018 Apr 25;6(2). DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms6020035. PMID: 29693607. PMCID: PMC6027349. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wang F, Feng J, Chen P, Liu X, Ma M, Zhou R, et al. Probiotics in Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. 2017 Sep;41(4):466–75. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinre.2017.04.004. PMID: 28552432. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
García-Collinot G, Madrigal-Santillán EO, Martínez-Bencomo MA, Carranza-Muleiro RA, Jara LJ, Vera-Lastra O, et al. Effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii and Metronidazole for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Systemic Sclerosis. Dig Dis Sci. 2020 Apr;65(4):1134–43. DOI: 10.1007/s10620-019-05830-0. PMID: 31549334. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Greco A, Caviglia GP, Brignolo P, Ribaldone DG, Reggiani S, Sguazzini C, et al. Glucose breath test and Crohn’s disease: Diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and evaluation of therapeutic response. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2015 May 19;50(11):1376–81. DOI: 10.3109/00365521.2015.1050691. PMID: 25990116. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Leblhuber F, Steiner K, Schuetz B, Fuchs D, Gostner JM. Probiotic Supplementation in Patients with Alzheimer’s Dementia – An Explorative Intervention Study. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2018;15(12):1106–13. DOI: 10.2174/1389200219666180813144834. PMID: 30101706. PMCID: PMC6340155. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Mujagic Z, de Vos P, Boekschoten MV, Govers C, Pieters H-JHM, de Wit NJW, et al. The effects of Lactobacillus plantarum on small intestinal barrier function and mucosal gene transcription; a randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 3;7:40128. DOI: 10.1038/srep40128. PMID: 28045137. PMCID: PMC5206730. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Sindhu KNC, Sowmyanarayanan TV, Paul A, Babji S, Ajjampur SSR, Priyadarshini S, et al. Immune response and intestinal permeability in children with acute gastroenteritis treated with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;58(8):1107–15. DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciu065. PMID: 24501384. PMCID: PMC3967829. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Lamprecht M, Bogner S, Schippinger G, Steinbauer K, Fankhauser F, Hallstroem S, et al. Probiotic supplementation affects markers of intestinal barrier, oxidation, and inflammation in trained men; a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2012 Sep 20;9(1):45. DOI: 10.1186/1550-2783-9-45. PMID: 22992437. PMCID: PMC3465223. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wen Y, Li J, Long Q, Yue C-C, He B, Tang X-G. The efficacy and safety of probiotics for patients with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on seventeen randomized controlled trials. Int J Surg. 2020 Jul;79:111–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.04.063. PMID: 32387213. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Zhang C, Jiang J, Tian F, Zhao J, Zhang H, Zhai Q, et al. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effects of probiotics on functional constipation in adults. Clin Nutr. 2020 Oct;39(10):2960–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.01.005. PMID: 32005532. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Zhong C, Qu C, Wang B, Liang S, Zeng B. Probiotics for Preventing and Treating Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of Current Evidence. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2017 Apr;51(4):300–11. DOI: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000814. PMID: 28267052. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Waller PA, Gopal PK, Leyer GJ, Ouwehand AC, Reifer C, Stewart ME, et al. Dose-response effect of Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 on whole gut transit time and functional gastrointestinal symptoms in adults. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep;46(9):1057–64. DOI: 10.3109/00365521.2011.584895. PMID: 21663486. PMCID: PMC3171707. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Indrio F, Riezzo G, Raimondi F, Bisceglia M, Filannino A, Cavallo L, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri accelerates gastric emptying and improves regurgitation in infants. Eur J Clin Invest. 2011 Apr;41(4):417–22. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2010.02425.x. PMID: 21114493. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Kang BS, Seo J-G, Lee G-S, Kim J-H, Kim SY, Han YW, et al. Antimicrobial activity of enterocins from Enterococcus faecalis SL-5 against Propionibacterium acnes, the causative agent in acne vulgaris, and its therapeutic effect. J Microbiol. 2009 Feb 20;47(1):101–9. DOI: 10.1007/s12275-008-0179-y. PMID: 19229497. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Navarro-López V, Ramírez-Boscá A, Ramón-Vidal D, Ruzafa-Costas B, Genovés-Martínez S, Chenoll-Cuadros E, et al. Effect of oral administration of a mixture of probiotic strains on SCORAD index and use of topical steroids in young patients with moderate atopic dermatitis: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2018 Jan 1;154(1):37–43. DOI: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2017.3647. PMID: 29117309. PMCID: PMC5833582. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Inoue Y, Kambara T, Murata N, Komori-Yamaguchi J, Matsukura S, Takahashi Y, et al. Effects of Oral Administration of Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92 on the Symptoms and Serum Cytokines of Atopic Dermatitis in Japanese Adults: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Clinical Trial. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2014;165(4):247–54. DOI: 10.1159/000369806. PMID: 25660281. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wang Y, Li X, Ge T, Xiao Y, Liao Y, Cui Y, et al. Probiotics for prevention and treatment of respiratory tract infections in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Aug;95(31):e4509. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000004509. PMID: 27495104. PMCID: PMC4979858. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Güvenç IA, Muluk NB, Mutlu FŞ, Eşki E, Altıntoprak N, Oktemer T, et al. Do probiotics have a role in the treatment of allergic rhinitis? A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016 Sep 1;30(5):157–75. DOI: 10.2500/ajra.2016.30.4354. PMID: 27442711. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Dennis-Wall JC, Culpepper T, Nieves C, Rowe CC, Burns AM, Rusch CT, et al. Probiotics (Lactobacillus gasseri KS-13, Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1, and Bifidobacterium longum MM-2) improve rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life in individuals with seasonal allergies: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Mar;105(3):758–67. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.116.140012. PMID: 28228426. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Seminario-Amez M, López-López J, Estrugo-Devesa A, Ayuso-Montero R, Jané-Salas E. Probiotics and oral health: A systematic review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2017 May 1;22(3):e282–8. DOI: 10.4317/medoral.21494. PMID: 28390121. PMCID: PMC5432076. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Hanson L, VandeVusse L, Jermé M, Abad CL, Safdar N. Probiotics for treatment and prevention of urogenital infections in women: A systematic review. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2016 May;61(3):339–55. DOI: 10.1111/jmwh.12472. PMID: 27218592. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Hendijani F, Akbari V. Probiotic supplementation for management of cardiovascular risk factors in adults with type II diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nutr. 2018 Apr;37(2):532–41. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2017.02.015. PMID: 28318686. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
He J, Zhang F, Han Y. Effect of probiotics on lipid profiles and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of RCTs. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e9166. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009166. PMID: 29390450. PMCID: PMC5758152. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wang L, Guo M-J, Gao Q, Yang J-F, Yang L, Pang X-L, et al. The effects of probiotics on total cholesterol: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Feb;97(5):e9679. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000009679. PMID: 29384846. PMCID: PMC5805418. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Wu Y, Zhang Q, Ren Y, Ruan Z. Effect of probiotic Lactobacillus on lipid profile: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials. PLoS ONE. 2017 Jun 8;12(6):e0178868. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178868. PMID: 28594860. PMCID: PMC5464580. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Ng QX, Peters C, Ho CYX, Lim DY, Yeo W-S. A meta-analysis of the use of probiotics to alleviate depressive symptoms. J Affect Disord. 2018 Mar 1;228:13–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.063. PMID: 29197739. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Huang R, Wang K, Hu J. Effect of Probiotics on Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients. 2016 Aug 6;8(8). DOI: 10.3390/nu8080483. PMID: 27509521. PMCID: PMC4997396. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Yang B, Wei J, Ju P, Chen J. Effects of regulating intestinal microbiota on anxiety symptoms: A systematic review. Gen Psych. 2019 May 17;32(2):e100056. DOI: 10.1136/gpsych-2019-100056. PMID: 31179435. PMCID: PMC6551444. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Chi C, Li C, Buys N, Wang W, Yin C, Sun J. Effects of Probiotics in Preterm Infants: A Network Meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2021 Jan;147(1). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2020-0706. PMID: 33323491. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Rinne M, Kalliomäki M, Salminen S, Isolauri E. Probiotic intervention in the first months of life: short-term effects on gastrointestinal symptoms and long-term effects on gut microbiota. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Aug;43(2):200–5. DOI: 10.1097/01.mpg.0000228106.91240.5b. PMID: 16877985. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Rougé C, Piloquet H, Butel M-J, Berger B, Rochat F, Ferraris L, et al. Oral supplementation with probiotics in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jun;89(6):1828–35. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.2008.26919. PMID: 19369375. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Capurso G, Traini M, Piciucchi M, Signoretti M, Arcidiacono PG. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: prevalence, diagnosis, and management. Clin Exp Gastroenterol. 2019 Mar 21;12:129–39. DOI: 10.2147/CEG.S168266. PMID: 30962702. PMCID: PMC6432881. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Sharifi-Rad M, Varoni EM, Iriti M, Martorell M, Setzer WN, Del Mar Contreras M, et al. Carvacrol and human health: A comprehensive review. Phytother Res. 2018 Sep;32(9):1675–87. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.6103. PMID: 29744941. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Chen C, Tao C, Liu Z, Lu M, Pan Q, Zheng L, et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Berberine Hydrochloride in Patients with Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Phytother Res. 2015 Nov;29(11):1822–7. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5475. PMID: 26400188. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Hu Q, Peng Z, Li L, Zou X, Xu L, Gong J, et al. The Efficacy of Berberine-Containing Quadruple Therapy on Helicobacter Pylori Eradication in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Front Pharmacol. 2019;10:1694. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2019.01694. PMID: 32116685. PMCID: PMC7010642. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Alammar N, Wang L, Saberi B, Nanavati J, Holtmann G, Shinohara RT, et al. The impact of peppermint oil on the irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis of the pooled clinical data. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019 Jan 17;19(1):21. DOI: 10.1186/s12906-018-2409-0. PMID: 30654773. PMCID: PMC6337770. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Bahrami HR, Hamedi S, Salari R, Noras M. Herbal medicines for the management of irritable bowel syndrome: A systematic review. Electron Physician. 2016 Aug 25;8(8):2719–25. DOI: 10.19082/2719. PMID: 27757180. PMCID: PMC5053451. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Altinoz MA, Ozpinar A, Seyfried TN. Caprylic (octanoic) acid as a potential fatty acid chemotherapeutic for glioblastoma. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2020 Aug;159:102142. DOI: 10.1016/j.plefa.2020.102142. PMID: 32512365. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
Omura Y, O’Young B, Jones M, Pallos A, Duvvi H, Shimotsuura Y. Caprylic acid in the effective treatment of intractable medical problems of frequent urination, incontinence, chronic upper respiratory infection, root canalled tooth infection, ALS, etc., caused by asbestos & mixed infections of Candida albicans, Helicobacter pylori & cytomegalovirus with or without other microorganisms & mercury. Acupunct Electrother Res. 2011;36(1–2):19–64. PMID: 21830350. Trusted SourcePubMedGo to source
I care about answering your questions and sharing my knowledge with you. Leave a comment or connect with me on social media asking any health question you may have and I just might incorporate it into our next listener questions podcast episode just for you!
Transform your health
Every product is science-based, validated by real-world use, and personally vetted by Dr. Ruscio, DNM, DC.